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Kaliningrad, formerly Koenigsberg, is one of several cities along the Baltic coast that was founded by the Teutonic Knights as they spread eastwards during the 13th century. From its founding in 1255 until the end of the Second World War, it has played a major part in German history, both as a seaport and as a center for academic excellence.

German and Russian history have been historically intertwined in this land throughout the centuries. In 1758, after the Seven Year War, East Prussia together with Koenigsberg, became a part of Russia. At this time, the city was governed by a Russian general, while Russian officers attended the lectures of Immanuel Kant - being at that moment a citizen of Russia since all inhabitants
 of Eastern Prussia had sworn allegiance to the empress.

In 1762 after Peter III had ascended the throne, some Russian lands including Koenigsberg were given to the Prussian kingdom. After the First World War Koenigsberg became the capital of East Prussia, cut off from the rest of Germany by the territory given to Poland under the Versailles Treaty.

At the conclusion of WWII, East Prussia was divided between the Soviet Union and Poland. The city of Koenigsberg and the surrounding region were both renamed Kaliningrad. Being a strategic military area, it was closed to foreigners until 1990. Since that time, Kaliningrad has strove to renew contacts with Europe and the world and is working hard to welcome visitors and rebuild its tourist industry.

Today, Kaliningrad whimsically combines the attributes of a modern Russian city with those of a traditional European one.

Additional Information

  • Kaliningrad

    Kaliningrad is located on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea and since 1946 has been the center of the westernmost region of Russia. For Russians, as well as for residents of the whole world, Kaliningrad is known as the former capital of East Prussia - Koenigsberg. For seven centuries, since 1255, Koenigsberg had an interesting history,

  • Big War

    The destruction and fires of World War II did not spare the heart of this ancient city. Nevertheless, Kaliningrad offers much to astonish and please itsguests.

    For a leisurely stroll, one can walk along the old streets of the former

  • History

    Like any other city with a centuries-old history, Kaliningrad inherited after the previous centuries a great number of buildings of architectural styles forgotten now but therefore being extremely interesting.

    In picturesque Town Gates some two or three hundred years ago, traveling documents

  • The Dome

    Visitors to the town of Kaliningrad can experience 700 years of history.

    The philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), is the city most famous former resident. His grave lies beside the Cathedral and two rooms in the Cathedral Museum are

  • Amber

    The city's Amber Museum, housed in one of the fortresses which formed part of the medieval city walls, has no equal in the world. Fragments of the famous Amber Room take favorable place in museum's collection.

    Those who are interested in history of seafaring, flora and fauna of oceanic depths